Tony Cragg was born in Liverpool and worked as a laboratory technician before studying at the Royal College of Art in London. He moved to Germany in 1977. In the 1980s Cragg became known for his works in which he assembled found pieces of plastic and other detritus into figurative shapes and mounted them on the floor or a wall. From 1984,Cragg began making freestanding sculptures, consisting of stacked geometric wooden frames or a combination of ready-made objects with plastic or stone. He made his first cast sculptures in the late 1980s. Cragg won the Turner Prize in 1988.