Farinati produced this drawing as part of a preparatory design for a frescoed frieze in the Casa Sebastiani (now the Biblioteca Civica), Verona. The frieze represents the climax in the Old Testament story of Ahasuerus, the powerful king of Persia, and his queen Esther. Their wicked chief minister Haman had plotted to exterminate all the Jews of the kingdom, and managed to persuade the King to allow him to do so. Unbeknown to Haman, the queen was Jewish and she overheard his plot. Esther exposed Haman’s treachery, thereby saving her people. Haman was to be executed, but some of his supporters rose up in defiance. Farinati has represented the Jewish forces’ reaction to this, as they exacted a terrible revenge on the insurgents.