Bough first sketched this view in 1837, choosing a vantage point already made popular by the great English landscape painter J.M.W. Turner. This painting of 1863 is based on Bough's earlier sketch, and shows many of the chief features of Berwick. The town had been fought over by England and Scotland for centuries, changing hands no less than thirteen times between 1296 and 1482. The Old Bridge, today one of three bridges spanning the River Tweed at this point, was begun in the reign of King James VI and I in the early seventeenth century. The magnificent ramparts date from the reign of Queen Elizabeth fifty years earlier.