James VI and I's only daughter was named after her god-mother, Queen Elizabeth I of England. She married a German prince, Frederick V, the Elector Palatine. In October 1619 the Protestants of Bohemia chose him as their king. From the start, their enemies called them the Winter King and Queen, correctly predicting that their rule would be short-lived. Surrounded by hostile Catholic neighbours, Frederick was defeated at the Battle of the White Mountain in November 1620 and the couple fled from Prague. This portrait was painted in The Hague, where Frederick and Elizabeth lived in exile.