August Sander’s monumental documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’ has been described as a work of cultural and social history executed in the medium of photography. It comprises over 500 photographs classified into seven groups, further subdivided into more than 45 portfolios representing the social classes and professional divisions of the time. This is a photograph from the group ‘The City’ and its portfolio entitled ‘Foreign Workers’, which Sander produced during 1941–5 in Kuchhausen in the Westerwald, where he and his wife settled after leaving Cologne. The people depicted in the portfolio are mainly agricultural labourers from the Ukraine, who had been allocated to the local farms because of the national labour shortage. Most of them left the region at the end of the war.