August Sander’s monumental photographic project ‘People of the 20th Century’ was an attempt to chronicle social worlds in radical transformation in his native Germany. The project comprises more than 500 photographs classified into seven groups that represent the social structures and professional classes of his time. The sixth group, entitled ‘The City’, stands out for its loose association of subjects ranging from different city ‘types’ to events from everyday urban life. One of the eleven portfolios within ‘The City’ is titled ‘The Persecuted’. It shows representatives of the German-Jewish middle classes who emigrated or were killed in the Nazi concentration camps. Sander compiled the portfolio shortly after the war, using portraits he had made during the 1920s and 1930s. The portfolio presents a powerful reminder of the integral part Jews once played in modern German social, cultural and economic life.