Many of the people portrayed in the group entitled ‘The Artists’ within August Sander’s ambitious project ‘People of the 20th Century’ were amongst the most influential artistic figures of the Weimar Republic. This is a photograph from the portfolio ‘The Architect’ of the architect Hans Poelzig (1869–1936) who contributed significantly to the development of expressionist architecture and later the architecture of the New Objectivity. During 1923–35 Poelzig taught at the Technical University of Berlin. He was also Director of the Architecture Department of the Prussian Academy of the Arts and held key positions in the Deutscher Werkbund. During the 1920s Poelzig increasingly promoted a modern functional building style premised on simple, large geometrical designs and the use of such new industrial materials as iron and reinforced concrete. Sander sympathised with Poelzig’s architectural style, which resonated strongly with his own realist approach to photography.