August Sander’s photographs of city life today provide invaluable documents of the rapid process of urbanization that Germany underwent in the early twentieth century, revealing aspects of everyday life, as well as significant social and political events. They also aimed to show representatives of certain city ‘types’. This picture is one of a series of photographs that Sander took of street musicians. It is from the portfolio entitled ‘The Street and Street Life’, within the sixth group, ‘The City’, in Sander’s monumental project ‘People of the 20th Century’. The slogan written on the drum in the bottom centre of the photograph – ‘Kölsche Lotterboove’ – is Cologne dialect which translates as ‘Cologne Rogue’. It is a name that is still today used by many musical carnival groups in Cologne.