This is a portrait of Richard Strauss (1864–1949), the well-known German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. It belongs to the portfolio ‘The Composer’, from the fifth group entitled ‘The Artists’ within August Sander’s monumental photographic project ‘People of the 20th Century’, in which he aspired to document the social types and professional classes of his time. Sander photographed Strauss with a typically uncompromisingly realistic eye, placing him before a plain background and lighting him clearly. The composer’s suit is modest and simple. At eye-level with the viewer, he looks directly and soberly into the camera. The photograph leaves little room for perceptions of the figure of the modern artist as an eccentric bohemian.