August Sander’s monumental documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’ preoccupied him from the mid-1920s until his death in 1964. His intention was to chronicle the social structures and divisions in his native Germany. While many of the photographs included in the project show representatives of the working and middle classes, Sander also paid close attention to figures on the margins of society. These include artists, vagrants and gypsies, as well as people usually absent from everyday working life: the sick, the insane, the disabled and the old. This portrait of a female midget is from the seventh and final group of Sander’s project, which he titled ‘The Last People’ in allusion to the marginal status of the subjects depicted. However, rather than affirming this lowly status, here the unknown woman is portrayed smartly attired, her upright posture and confidently direct gaze indicating that she has established a respected place within society.