This portrait illustrates the intellectual end of the spectrum of the portfolio ‘Working Types – Physical and Intellectual’, included in August Sander’s ‘People of the 20th Century’, in opposition to the physical worker depicted in ‘Varnisher’ (around 1930). Sander’s ambitious photographic project of over 500 images, divided into seven groups and over 45 portfolios, sought to present a typology of the German people, organised by estate, profession and living environment. The foursome in this portrait are arranged in a rather cramped pyramid-shaped composition, perhaps huddled together for ideological support. The sole woman, Else Schuler, looks sternly into the lens, her pale face and hands framed by her dark costume. While her posture is rigidly upright, her friends seem less static and more casually posed.