Sir William Bruce, c 1630 - 1710. Architect About 1664


  • Scottish Art
Bruce was a gentleman architect, credited with introducing the classical style to Scotland. He was born at Blairhall in Fife. Bruce is best known for his work on Edinburgh's Holyroodhouse from 1671, transforming it into a baroque palace for Charles II. He also designed a splendid house at Kinross for his own family and Hopetoun House just west of Queensferry. Bruce is shown wearing an elegant striped dressing gown, gesturing with his porte crayon at the drawing in his left hand.

Glossary Open


A general term for European art and architecture from the 17th to the mid 18th centuries. It particularly refers to works characterised by a sense of movement and theatricality.


A general term for art and architecture based on ancient Greek and Roman culture.

Porte crayon

An instrument made of wood or metal, used to hold a drawing tool such as crayon, pastel or chalk.

Baroque, Classicism, Porte crayon


  • Acc. No. PG 894
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 72.40 x 61.00 cm (framed: 88.00 x 77.30 x 6.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1919