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James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl, 1690 - 1764. Lord Privy Seal

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James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl, 1690 - 1764. Lord Privy Seal 1743

Not on display

  • Scottish Art
A lieutenant-colonel of the Royal Scots Regiment, James Murray first entered politics in 1715 as MP for Perthshire. When Murray’s elder brother, William, became involved in the 1715 Jacobite rebellion he was dishonoured and could no longer inherit his father’s title or property. James himself was a supporter of the Hanoverian kings, and on the death of his father he inherited the family titles and estates instead. He later resigned his military post and replaced the Earl of Islay as Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland. In 1746 he accompanied the Duke of Cumberland north to crush the Jacobite army, led by his other brother, Lord George Murray, who at one point besieged the family’s ancestral home of Blair Castle when it was occupied by Hanoverian troops.

Glossary Open


A British royal dynasty that began in 1714 with George I, who was the first Protestant in line to the throne, the Act of Settlement having prohibited Catholics from taking the crown. The Hanoverians reigned until the death of William IV in 1837.


Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

Hanoverian, Jacobite


  • Acc. No. PG 925
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 73.70 x 61.00 cm
  • Credit Purchased 1921