Before the Crucifixion

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Before the Crucifixion About 1530


The subject of this devotional painting, which shows the bound and seated figure of Christ immediately before the Crucifixion, is quite unusual. The grief-stricken Virgin Mary, Mary Magdalene and St John the Evangelist are depicted as they would later appear at the foot of the cross. The cross is made ready behind Christ on the right. The painting was one of four panels depicting episodes leading to Christ’s Crucifixion owned by Henry III, Count of Nassau and his wife, Mencia de Mendoza. They were destined for Mencia’s castle in Jadraque, Spain.

Glossary Open

Devotional art

Religious images used privately as a focus of prayer or an aid to meditation.

Devotional art


  • Acc. No. NG 995
  • Medium Oil on panel
  • Size 67.30 x 85.70 cm (framed: 87.00 x 109.50 x 6.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1909