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John Campbell [Mac Cailein Mòr], 2nd Duke of Argyll and Greenwich, 1680 - 1743. Soldier and statesman

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John Campbell [Mac Cailein Mòr], 2nd Duke of Argyll and Greenwich, 1680 - 1743. Soldier and statesman About 1720


  • Scottish Art
In 1703, John Campbell succeeded his father as Duke of Argyll and Chief of Clan Campbell. A strong supporter of the Union of Parliaments, he was an important political figure as well as an accomplished soldier. In 1710 he was made a Knight of the Garter, the blue ribbon of which he wears in this portrait. During the 1715 rebellion, Campbell commanded the government army at Sheriffmuir and defeated the Jacobites led by the Earl of Mar. He was rewarded for his victory with the Dukedom of Greenwich, was promoted to Field Marshal in 1736 and eventually became Commander in Chief of the British Army. William Aikman painted at least fourteen paintings of Campbell, who was a firm supporter of the artist and encouraged him to settle in London where his career flourished.

Glossary Open

Act of Union

A law passed in 1707 that united England and Scotland under a single parliament.


Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

Order of the Garter

The most senior British Order of Chivalry, founded by Edward III in 1348. It now consists of 24 knights along with royal knights and some foreign monarchs. The badge of the order comprises the St George's Cross within a blue garter (the original emblem of the order), surrounded by radiating silver beams.

Act of Union, Jacobite, Order of the Garter


  • Acc. No. PG 692
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 74.90 x 62.20 cm (framed: 94.50 x 81.70 x 6.50 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1909