Used generally for art that attempts to represent things as they appear. It specifically refers to a mid-19th century movement in France, led by Gustave Courbet, that rejected the sometimes obscure subject matter of academic painting in favour of more accessible scenes of everyday life.

James Cowie A Portrait Group 1933 / about 1940 © Ruth Christie, the artist's daughter

Artists

Alexander Carse
about 1770 - 1843
Sean Hudson
1935 - 1997
Gustave Courbet
1819 - 1877
Jules Bastien-Lepage
1848 - 1884
Alfredo Noack
1833 - 1895
Edward MacEwan Baird
1904 - 1949
Samuel Bough
1822 - 1878
Alex Katz
born 1927
Ron Mueck
born 1958
James Cowie
1886 - 1956