Anna of Denmark
John de Critz the Elder or workshop of John de Critz the Elder (about 1550–1642)
About 1605, oil on panel
Anna’s childhood had been very different from James’s. At that time, Denmark was one of Europe’s wealthiest countries and there was little threat to her parents’ safety or rulership. She was raised with her siblings, first by their grandparents, then by their parents. She was astute and well-educated, and learned to appreciate art and architecture from an early age. She also had expensive taste. Pearls were one of her favourite jewels and she is shown wearing them in abundance in this portrait - in her hair, ears, around her neck and on the trim of her bodice. There are hundreds of references to both Scottish freshwater and oriental pearls in the queen’s wardrobe inventories.