William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, 1721 - 1765. Youngest son of George II
About this artwork
William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland was the second surviving son of King George II. He followed a short spell in the navy with a career in the military. Whilst serving at the Battle of Dettingen in 1743 he was wounded below the knee, an injury from which he never recovered. He commanded the army which pursued Prince Charles Edward Stewart during the 1745 Jacobite Rising and defeated the rebel forces at the battle of Culloden in 1746. His later nickname ‘The Butcher’ comes from his ruthless treatment of the defeated Jacobite forces during this time.
- title: William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, 1721 - 1765. Youngest son of George II
- accession number: SP IV 44.14
- artist: George VertueEnglish (1684 - 1756)
- depicted: William Augustus
- gallery: Scottish National Portrait Gallery(Print Room)
- object type: Work on paper
- subject: Wars and Conflicts Royalty
- materials: Line engraving on paper
- date created: Unknown
- measurements: 18.10 x 10.80 cm
- credit line: Bequeathed by William Findlay Watson 1886
George Vertue was an engraver and antiquarian, and served as the first official engraver to the Society of Antiquities of London from its revival in 1717. He was responsible for the engraving and printing of all the images published by the society in its journal Vetusta Monumenta, as well as spending time researching the history of art in Britain, a topic which would occupy him for the rest of his life.