Sir Robert Strange

Prince Charles Edward Stuart, 1720 - 1788. Eldest son of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

About this artwork

Medals and miniatures played an important role in expressing and encouraging loyalty to the exiled Stuart dynasty. Both forms are small and easily concealed, an important consideration given that supporting the Stuarts was a treasonable offence in Britain (although the authorities rarely prosecuted makers or owners of Jacobite imagery). Miniature portraits helped ciculate the features of the young Stuart heirs, Charles and Henry. This picture shows Charles at the time of the rising of 1745. The likely artist, the engraver Robert Strange, accompanied Charles during the invasion, and even designed banknotes for the envisaged Jacobite regime. The engraving shows Charles wearing the Order of the Garter.

Sir Robert Strange

Sir Robert Strange

Born in Kirkwall, Orkney, Strange was apprenticed to Richard Cooper, the Edinburgh engraver. An ardent Jacobite, he joined the 1745 Rising and went into exile after the defeat at Culloden. He married the sister of the Secretary to Prince Charles Edward Stuart and studied engraving in Rouen and Paris. In 1750 he settled in London, where he established himself as a leading engraver. He spent four years in Italy in the 1760s and lived in Paris from 1775 to 1780. He was knighted by George III in 1787.