- 28th November 2009 − 28th February 2010 | Modern One (Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art) | Admission free
Sculpture has traditionally been the art of making three-dimensional objects by modelling soft materials and then casting them in bronze; or carving in stone, marble or wood. Moreover, the subjects were usually the human figure or animals. Pablo Picasso revolutionised the art of sculpture when he began assembling different objects, including junk, into sculptures. His subject matter was also revolutionary: instead of representing people, he often represented ordinary things such as guitars and still-lifes. These 'constructions' had an enormous impact on later sculpture, particularly in the 1960s.
The term ‘still-life' derives from the Dutch ‘stilleven'. Although early still-life paintings often contained religious and allegorical symbolism, with the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries came a triumph of technique over subject matter. Cézanne found still-life the perfect subject for his explorations of pictorial structure and the Cubists deconstructed objects into geometric forms and planes.