This display is dominated by works painted in the Venetian Republic and its northern territories – at a time when it was at the height of its commercial and artistic prowess. The sixteenth century saw a new generation of artists revolutionise Venetian painting, adopting rich, vibrant colours, looser brushstrokes and taking a keen interest in the effects of light. The master of this distinct Venetian style of painting was Titian, who is represented in this display through allegorical, religious and mythological paintings which include two of his great poesie paintings – Diana and Actaeon, and Diana and Callisto.
This room is also the temporary home of Hugo van der Goes’s Trinity Altarpiece, one of the most important religious works commissioned for a Scottish chapel. Dating from the 1470’s, the panels are one of the earliest examples of painting in Scotland to survive the Reformation.