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Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde, 1792 - 1863. Field-Marshal

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Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde, 1792 - 1863. Field-Marshal 1860

Not on display

  • Scottish Art
The son of a Glasgow carpenter, Campbell was one of the most successful professional soldiers of the nineteenth century. He joined the army at sixteen and fought bravely as a young man in the Napoleonic Wars. Britain then enjoyed a long period of peace and it was not until the Crimean War that Campbell was again to distinguish himself. Campbell held the famous 'thin red line', keeping communication open during the defence of Balaclava in 1854. Three years later he was given supreme command in India, charged with quelling the Mutiny. This seems a small, understated, portrait for such a national hero, but it may be a study for Barker's large painting of 'The Relief of Lucknow'.

Glossary Open

Crimean War

A war declared by Britain and France against Russia in 1854, concerned at Russia's expansion after it had sent troops into parts of the Ottoman Empire. Peace was negotiated in Paris in 1856 following the Franco-British victory at Sebastopol.

Napoleonic Wars

A series of wars from 1803 to 1815 instigated by the aim of Napoleon I of France to conquer all of Europe. His planned invasion of Britain ended with Admiral Nelson's victory at Trafalgar, and his invasion of Russia resulted in the loss of hundreds of thousands of his men. Napoleon's campaign was finally ended by British and Prussian forces at Waterloo.

Crimean War, Napoleonic Wars


  • Acc. No. PG 284
  • Medium Oil on millboard
  • Size 62.20 x 45.10 cm (framed: 79.70 x 63.20 x 5.40 cm)
  • Credit Presented by the Earl of Rosebery 1890