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General Sir James Steuart Denham of Coltness, 1744-1839

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General Sir James Steuart Denham of Coltness, 1744-1839 1761


  • Scottish Art
Sir James Steuart Denham was the son of the Solicitor General and political economist of the same name. His father had been a supporter of the Jacobites and was exiled after their defeat at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. Young James, who was only two years old at the time, grew up in exile in the German town of Tübingen where this portrait was painted. The Steuarts (they added Denham to their surname later) chose Tübingen because of the excellence of its university for their son's education.

Glossary Open

Battle of Culloden

A battle fought on Culloden Moor near Inverness in 1746 between supporters of the exiled House of Stuart - led by the Young Pretender, Prince Charles Edward Stuart - and government troops led by the Duke of Cumberland. The government victory effectively brought the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion to an end and resulted in a repression of Highland culture as punishment.


Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

Battle of Culloden, Jacobite


  • Acc. No. PG 2860
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 57.80 x 46.30 cm
  • Credit Given by Mrs Gordon Fyfe 1991