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Rye, Sussex About 1794 - 1797

Not on display

Turner's interest in capturing reflected light on land and sea is evident in this attractive sketch of the small coastal town. It is one of many drawings he made connected with Dr Monro's evening 'Academy' during the 1790s. Monro was a doctor at the Bethlem Hospital (known as Bedlam), London, where Turner's mentally ill mother was admitted in 1800 and died in 1804. Monro, an accomplished amateur draughtsman, encouraged young artists to copy landscape sketches from his collection, colour each other's outline drawings and practise topographical exercises. He provided supper at a small fee as well as a pleasant environment for study.

Glossary Open

Dr Monro's Evening Academy

Thomas Monro was a doctor, painter and art collector whose patients in the late 18th century included the watercolourist John Robert Cozens. Some of Cozens' sketches were acquired by Monro, who used them as the basis for classes at his house. J.M.W. Turner and Thomas Girtin attended Monro's ‘academy’ where they were instructed by copying Cozens' work.


The ability to draw skilfully, often refers to technical drawing.


Refers to landscape pictures that faithfully represent a real place as it is seen rather than an imaginary or distorted landscape.

Dr Monro's Evening Academy, Draughtsmanship, Topographical


  • Acc. No. D NG 853
  • Medium Blue and grey washes over pencil on paper
  • Size 19.60 x 26.90 cm
  • Credit Henry Vaughan Bequest 1900