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James VII and II, when Duke of York, 1633 – 1701 About 1661


  • Scottish Art
After the imprisonment and execution of his father, King Charles I, James spent several years in Paris at the exiled court of his brother, Charles II. During this period of exile James fell in love with Anne Hyde, the daughter of one of his brother’s leading advisers and maid of honour to his sister, Mary of Orange. Despite opposition from his brother and mother, James secretly married Anne in 1660. The match was officially announced in December of that year, after the Restoration that saw the return of James’s family to the British throne. Anne’s father, Sir Edward Hyde, commissioned this painting and its companion, of Anne, from Sir Peter Lely. This highly baroque portrait shows James in military attire, holding a commander’s baton in his right hand.

Glossary Open


A general term for European art and architecture from the 17th to the mid 18th centuries. It particularly refers to works characterised by a sense of movement and theatricality.


When an individual or organisation employs an artist to execute a particular project, the process and the resulting work are termed a ‘commission’.


Re-establishment of the British monarchy in 1660 after Parliamentarian rule following the English Civil War years. The term also denotes the subsequent rule of Charles II from 1660 -1685.

Baroque, Commission, Restoration


  • Acc. No. PG 901
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 182.50 x 143.30 cm (framed: 207.00 x 178.00 x 10.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1919