Originally a castle of the MacDuff family, Falkland became a royal residence during the reign of James II (1430-1460). James V (1512-1542) was responsible for turning it into an elegant Renaissance palace, adding a tennis court in 1539. His daughter Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587) liked to retreat to Falkland from the pressures of life in Edinburgh. This view was painted around 1639 at the request of Charles I. It is one of the first realistic depictions of the Scottish countryside.