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Landscape with Apollo and the Muses 1652


This is Claude's largest and most ambitious landscape. Its classical theme is immediately suggested by the prominent reclining river god and the temple on the wooded slopes of Mount Helicon. Here framed by trees, the god Apollo plays his lyre for the nine muses. To the right four poets approach while another kneels before the Temple of Immortality to receive a laurel crown. Pegasus the winged horse, just visible below, presides over the spring water of the Hippocrene Fount a source for poets' inspiration. Equally inspiring, is the beautiful landscape extending to the horizon. Claude painted the work for Cardinal Pamphili.

Glossary Open


A general term for art and architecture based on ancient Greek and Roman culture.


The source of an artist's inspiration. The term originates in Greek mythology in which the Muses were the nine daughters of Mnemosyne and Zeus, each of whom presided over a different art or science.

Classicism, Muse


  • Acc. No. NG 2240
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 186.00 x 290.00 cm (framed: 216.00 x 315.00 x 11.50 cm)
  • Credit Purchased with the aid of the Art Fund and a Treasury Grant 1960