This print is from a portfolio series commissioned by the Bureau of Information, called ‘The Great War: Britain’s Efforts and Ideals’. Twelve artists made prints relating to the ‘Ideals’ involved in going to war, and Nevinson was one of the nine artists commissioned to depict the ‘Efforts’ associated with war. This is the second of Nevinson’s six prints, which show the process of building an aeroplane, from making parts, to assembly, and finally to flight. Men and women work together to construct the framework of an aeroplane, which is thought to be a Sopwith Camel, an aircraft used by the British Forces from June 1917. Constructed of aluminium, plywood and fabric over a wooden frame, the Sopwith Camel was the most successful Allied aircraft used during the First World War.