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The Family of John Hay, 1st Marquess Tweeddale, 1626 - 1697. Lord High Chancellor of Scotland About 1695


  • Scottish Art
In 1694 John Hay was created Marquess of Tweeddale in recognition of his support for William of Orange in the years leading up to the Glorious Revolution. Medina's portrait of the Hay family was probably commissioned to celebrate this event. Although the canvas is large, the effect of so many sons, daughters, sons and daughters-in-law crowding around the Marquess (the largest figure on the left) and his wife is overwhelming. Medina worked from existing portraits to compile this dynastic statement. The Marquess's wife is shown holding a wreath of flowers, she had died in 1688, and two sons who died in infancy are looking down from the heavens.

Glossary Open


When an individual or organisation employs an artist to execute a particular project, the process and the resulting work are termed a ‘commission’.

Glorious Revolution

The overthrow of the Catholic king, James II, by the Protestant William of Orange in 1688. A Bill of Rights, limiting the powers of the monarch, and the Act of Settlement, banning Catholics from the British throne, followed. It is also known as the Bloodless Revolution.

Commission, Glorious Revolution


  • Acc. No. PG 3155
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 141.00 x 184.00 cm (framed: 173.50 x 204.30 x 8.50 cm)
  • Credit Purchased with the aid of the Art Fund and the Heritage Lottery Fund 1999