This glamourous portrait of Mary of Modena was painted following her husband, James VII and II’s, accession to the throne in 1685. A devout catholic, Mary had intended to enter a convent. However, in 1673, following the Pope’s encouragement that she should marry, she became James’s second wife. Wissing has included a cockatoo as a reference to the significance of religion in Mary’s life. Her new role as Queen Consort is emphasised by the addition of a crown, which sits on a ledge to her right. Mary gave birth to James Francis Edward Stuart in 1688, the Jacobite claimant to the throne following James VII and II’s deposition.