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James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, 1612 - 1650. Royalist

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James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, 1612 - 1650. Royalist

Not on display

  • Scottish Art
James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, was a Scottish nobleman and soldier. A Presbyterian and signatory of the National Covenant of 1638, he initially fought against the forces of King Charles I. Around 1641, however, he changed allegiances and became a dedicated supporter of the king throughout the English Civil War. He rallied the loyalist Highland clans to fight for Charles and led them to victory against the Covenanters at Tippermuir and Aberdeen. After his defeat at Philiphaugh in September 1645, Montrose escaped to Holland. He remained loyal to the king and supported the exiled Charles II after his father’s execution. In 1650 he returned to Scotland with a small army, but was defeated at Carbisdale and executed by the Covenanters in Edinburgh.

Glossary Open


People who sought to uphold the Presbyterian faith in Scotland in the 17th century. They adhered to a series of covenants, notably the National Covenant of 1638 which was signed in Greyfriars Kirkyard in Edinburgh in opposition to Charles I’s attempts to introduce an English-style prayer book. The Covenanters’ opposition to bishops and royal control over the church brought them into conflict with the government and hundreds of Covenanters were executed.



  • Acc. No. PG 998
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 128.00 x 105.00 cm (framed: 144.00 x 120.00 x 7.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1925