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General Thomas Dalyell, c 1599 - 1685. Soldier in Russia and Commander-in-Chief in Scotland About 1670


  • Scottish Art
General Tam Dalyell fought for both Charles I and Charles II. During the Civil War, he was taken prisoner by the Parliamentarians at the battle of Worcester (1651) and imprisoned in the Tower of London. He escaped and travelled to Russia where he fought with the army of the Tsar against the Tartars, Poles and Turks. Known from then on as the 'Muscovite De'il', he was back in Scotland after the restoration of Charles II. His suppression of the Covenanters earned him the nickname 'Bluidy Tam'. His enemies said he played cards with the devil at his House of the Binns, just west of Edinburgh.

Glossary Open


People who sought to uphold the Presbyterian faith in Scotland in the 17th century. They adhered to a series of covenants, notably the National Covenant of 1638 which was signed in Greyfriars Kirkyard in Edinburgh in opposition to Charles I’s attempts to introduce an English-style prayer book. The Covenanters’ opposition to bishops and royal control over the church brought them into conflict with the government and hundreds of Covenanters were executed.


The supporters of Parliament as opposed to the King in England's civil wars of the 1640s.

Covenanters, Parliamentarians


  • Acc. No. PG 2129
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 124.40 x 101.60 cm (framed: 145.00 x 124.00 x 8.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1967