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Sir James Hope Grant 1860

Not on display

  • Scottish Art
James Hope Grant was a professional soldier who served in most of the major campaigns in China and India of his day. Between 1839 and 1842 he fought in the Opium War when the British took possession of Hong Kong. This photograph was taken during the 1860 campaign when he led a combined French and British force to 'encourage' the Emperor of China to recognise his European trading treaties. Felice Beato arrived in China for the taking of Peking (Beijing) and photographed the general with the mud of the battlefield still on his boots in a makeshift studio.

Glossary Open

Opium War

There were two Opium Wars, in the 1840s and 1850s. The first was mounted by Britain against China, whose Manchu Qing government had banned the opium trade which was very lucrative for Britain. Britain's victory opened up more Chinese ports to foreign traders. Britain and France joined forces against China in the second war to further promote their economic interests in Asia.

Opium War


  • Acc. No. PGP 19.1
  • Medium Albumen print
  • Size 17.00 x 13.10 cm
  • Credit Purchased 1938