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The Kingdom of Fife was the home of the Scottish kings for more than five hundred years from Malcolm III in the eleventh century until the Union of the Crowns in 1603. Fife has been the birthplace for a number of eminent Scots who left a lasting legacy to the world. Adam Smith is credited as the world's first modern economist and the father of capitalism. His work paved the way for the successes of forthcoming generations, above all, men like fellow 'Fifer' Andrew Carnegie. Fife is bounded by the River Tay to the north, and the River Forth to the south. It has a landscape of gentle hills and valleys through which the River Eden flows, emptying itself into the sea near St Andrews; seat of Scotland's first University and the home of golf. The region's miles of beautiful coastline are interrupted by the delightful fishing villages of St Monans, Anstruther and Pittenweem.