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Phase III Decisive Operations violet
© 2013 Jenny Holzer, member Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

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Phase III Decisive Operations violet 2007

Not on display

  • Artist Rooms
Jenny Holzer’s works have a strong political emphasis, questioning how information is both controlled and received in the public domain. In this series of screenprints she reveals sensitive government transcripts relating to America’s intervention in the Middle East. Here, a document from the US National Security Archive has been enlarged to show a map of Iraq, on which broad arrows indicate planned routes of attack on Baghdad and its surroundings. The painted violet surface undulates, becoming more saturated in certain places to mimic the colour that skin turns when it bruises. Holzer uses the words "declassified" and "declassify" as well as various acronyms to encourage us to consider the sensitive nature of the military information set against the image of a divided and threatened Iraq.


  • Acc. No. AR01135
  • Medium Oil paint on canvas
  • Size 201.10 x 260.00 x 4.00 cm
  • Credit ARTIST ROOMS Presented by the artist jointly to National Galleries of Scotland and Tate and acquired with assistance of the ARTIST ROOMS Endowment, supported by the Henry Moore Foundation 2011