For several decades August Sander photographed individual people and groups in his native Germany, classifying them according to their social standing and professions. This ambitious attempt to chronicle the social structures of his time resulted in his monumental project ‘People of the 20th Century’. This portrait derives from the portfolio entitled ‘The Persecuted’ within the project’s sixth group, ‘The City’. Shortly after the end of World War II, Sander turned to the difficult subject of the elimination of the Jews by the National Socialists. He put together a portfolio of portraits taken during the 1920s and 1930s of people representing the German-Jewish middle classes in which the subjects are often shown viewed from a three-quarters perspective looking thoughtfully out into the distance. The portfolio provides a powerful reminder of the integral part Jews once played in modern German social, cultural and economic life.