With his monumental photographic project ‘People of the 20th Century’, August Sander attempted to chronicle social worlds in radical transformation in his native Germany. A difficult subject he turned to in the mid-1940s, shortly after the war, was the elimination of the Jews by the National Socialists. The portfolio entitled ‘The Persecuted’, from the group ‘The City’, depicts representatives of the German-Jewish middle classes who had either emigrated or were killed in the Nazi concentration camps. It is a powerful visual document of the absence left behind in modern German society by the loss of the Jewish population. Perhaps no other social group contributed as much to the development of German cultural and economic life in the early twentieth century. The large eyes, high brow and intense, expressive look of this anonymous man testify to his intelligence and humanity.