August Sander took a methodical approach in photographing the subjects of his ambitious project ‘People of the 20th Century’, which was based on a quasi-sociological analysis of modern Germany. He divided his portraits into seven groups: ‘The Farmer’, ‘The Skilled Tradesman’, ‘The Woman’, ‘Classes and Professions’, ‘The Artists’, ‘The City’ and ‘The Last People’. This image derives from the portfolio entitled ‘Festivities’ within the sixth group, ‘The City’. In his attempt to document urban life in his adopted home city of Cologne, Sander photographed everyday occurrences as well as particular social and cultural events. In Cologne and the Rhineland, carnival is one of the most important civic festivals of the year, and this is reflected in the large number of pictures that Sander took of carnival celebrations. This portrait shows two men striking bohemian theatrical poses at an artists’ carnival party, where Sander himself probably was a guest.