August Sander’s ambitious documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’ comprises seven groups of photographs that represent the social classes and types of modern German society. One of these groups entitled ‘The Artists’ includes the portfolios ‘The Writer’, ‘The Actor’, ‘The Architect’, ‘The Sculptor’, ‘The Painter’, ‘The Composer’, and ‘The Performing Musician’. The identification of this group within the project suggests that Sander attributed a special role to those involved in the arts in modern society. This portrait shows the painter Robert Seuffert (1874–1946) who taught at the Cologne School of Applied Arts during 1912–36. The photograph was taken in Sander’s studio. Its clear lighting and sharp focus are characteristic of Sander’s objective approach to photography, through which he aimed to capture the individual details as well as the typical attributes of his subjects. Sander included this photograph in the portfolio ‘The Painter’ from the group ‘The Artists’.