August Sander conceived his project ‘People of the 20th Century’ in the mid-1920s, after a successful early career as a portrait photographer based first in his studios in Linz and Cologne, and later working as a commercial travelling photographer. The project’s monumental scale – more than five hundred images divided into seven groups and over forty-five portfolios – prevented its finalisation. This picture may have been intended for inclusion in the group ‘The Woman’ (in which there are several portraits of children), and is related through its subject matter to such images as ‘Middle-Class Child’ (about 1925). The siblings portrayed here are well-dressed and shown in the road leading to a large house, perhaps their own. Neither makes eye contact with the photographer: leaning protectively over her brother, the girl appears preoccupied with her thoughts, while the boy’s attention seems to have been caught by something to the right of the camera at which he is staring intently.