This photograph of two midgets dated 1913 (or in some accounts 1906–14) is one of the earliest images included in August Sander’s monumental documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’. Sander began working on his project in the mid-1920s, with the intention to document and illustrate the social structures and developments of his time. The project’s more than 500 photographs are divided into seven groups, representing contemporary social and professional classes: 'The Farmer', 'The Skilled Tradesman', ‘The Woman’, ‘Classes and Professions’, ‘The Artists’, ‘The City’ and ‘The Last People’. Sander created the seventh group, in which 'Midgets' is included, around 1946. ‘The Last People’ gave visibility to those figures in modern society that were confined to its margins: the ill, the disabled, the old and the insane.