This photograph is included in the portfolio entitled ‘The Scholar’ within the group ‘Classes and Professions’ in August Sander’s ‘People of the 20th Century’. It shares its title with two other photographs classified in the ‘Portfolio of Archetypes’, which precedes the seven groups making up Sander’s project. Sander intended that his portraits should be encountered not as character studies but as a typology, and therefore included the farmers of the Westerwald alongside such academics as the philosopher Scheler. Here he employs a traditional studio setting, framing his subject before a dark background out of which he looks with concentration into the lens. This photograph was an inspiration for two portraits of Scheler painted in 1926. One is by Richard Seewald, and the other by Otto Dix, himself included in the ‘People of the 20th Century’ in several images.