The group entitled ‘The Woman’ in August Sander’s documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’ begins with the portfolio ‘Woman and Man’. This comprises a series of portraits of couples taken in the 1920s and 1930s, among them ‘Paper Manufacturer and Wife’. Seated on ornately carved wooden chairs in a courtyard before a house, the pair are fashionably attired. The paper manufacturer slouches in his seat, crossing one hand over the wrist of the other, a lit cigarette held between his fingers while he looks into the right distance. By contrast, his wife leans in slightly toward the camera, her legs crossed and her hands folded in her lap, making direct eye contact with the photographer. Her confident pose and calmly attentive expression suggest that in matters of business she is very much her husband’s partner.