This photograph belongs to the portfolio entitled ‘Mother and Child’ within the larger group ‘The Woman’ in August Sander’s documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’. It is one of many photographs that Sander took of Helen Abelen between 1926 and 1927 in a variety of poses and locations, including ‘The Painter’s Wife’ (around 1926) in which she appears alone. Here she sits on the floor in her living room with her daughter below a group of paintings that are just visible on the wall behind. Her serious expression contrasts strongly with the mischief in her single portrait as ‘The Painter’s Wife’, reflecting her willing collaboration with Sander’s ambition to produce typologies rather than character studies. Well-lit in full daylight, Helene and Josepha appear in crisp focus.