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King Philip IV of Spain (1605 - 1665)

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King Philip IV of Spain (1605 - 1665) after 1660

Not on display

This portrait of King Philip IV is a copy of a painting by Velázquez, now in the National Gallery, London. It may have been made in the seventeenth century and was later cut down at the bottom and right. It could, therefore, have originally been closer to Velázquez's work in size, and possibly included the badge of the Order of the Golden Fleece suspended from the gold chain. The plain background serves as an effective foil for the king's distinctive head and face. There are at least twenty known versions of this popular portrait.

Glossary Open

Order of the Golden Fleece

Order founded by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy in 1430 and particularly associated with Habsburg Austria and Spain. The order originally consisted of a Grand Duke and 23 knights, but this number was later increased. The name of the order was chosen as wool was the main product of the lower European countries in which the order flourished.

Order of the Golden Fleece


  • Acc. No. NG 1625
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 51.10 x 46.00 cm
  • Credit Purchased 1923