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James V, 1512 - 1542. Father of Mary, Queen of Scots. Reigned 1513 - 1542

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James V, 1512 - 1542. Father of Mary, Queen of Scots. Reigned 1513 - 1542 About 1579


  • Scottish Art
James V, father of Mary, Queen of Scots, became king at a year old when his own father, James IV, was killed at Flodden, fighting the English. Ignoring the urgings of his uncle, Henry VIII, who wished him to become a Protestant, James V strengthened Scotland's alliance with her traditional ally, France, by marrying the French king's daughter, Princess Madeleine. When she died, he took as his second wife Mary of Guise, another high-born French woman. James died at Falkland Palace in 1542, soon after his army's defeat by the English at Solway Moss. His six-day old daughter Mary succeeded to his throne.

Glossary Open

Auld Alliance

Scotland and France’s common need to halt English expansion led to this agreement in 1295/6 creating a military and diplomatic alliance which lasted centuries.

Battle of Flodden or Flodden Field (1513)

To honour the Auld Alliance, when England attacked France in 1513, James IV supported France by invading England. This ultimately resulted in probably Scotland's heaviest defeat with the Earl of Surrey's English army killing James IV and thousands of his men. The terrible price of Flodden is remembered in the ballad 'Flowers o’ the Forest'.

Auld Alliance, Battle of Flodden or Flodden Field (1513)


  • Acc. No. PG 686
  • Medium Oil on panel
  • Size 41.30 x 33.00 cm (framed: 61.00 x 50.90 x 6.30 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1909