The father of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, King James VII and II, was overthrown in 1688. Known as 'The Old Pretender' James was only an infant when his parents fled into exile. Brought up at the French royal palace of St. Germain, near Paris, he was proclaimed King when his father died in 1701. Successive attempts to regain the throne for him failed and he finally settled in Rome with his Polish wife Maria Clementina Sobieska and their two sons, the elder of whom was Prince Charles Edward Stuart, who came to be known as ‘The Young Pretender’. Trevisani, one of Rome's leading artists, painted the state portraits of James and his wife in 1720, shortly after their marriage the previous year. This portrait is a version, possibly by Trevisani himself.