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John Hay of Cromlix, Earl of Inverness, 1691 - 1740. Jacobite

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John Hay of Cromlix, Earl of Inverness, 1691 - 1740. Jacobite about 1725

Not on display

  • Scottish Art
John Hay and his brother-in-law, James Murray, were the most powerful figures in the Jacobite court during its first decade in Italy. From a noble Scottish family traditionally supportive of the royal house of Stuart, Hay took part in the 1715 Rising and then joined the king in exile. Like Murray, Hay was resented by other courtiers, but, unlike the talented but arrogant Murray, he was described as being “of only average merit and capabilities”. This painting was painted around the time he was made Secretary of State in 1725. However, two years later he resigned due to his hostile relationship with Clementina, James Francis Edward Stuart’s wife. He retired with his wife, Marjorie, to Avignon, where, many years later, they hosted Prince Charles Edward Stuart after his expulsion from France.

Glossary Open

1715 Rising

This was an attempt by the exiled Prince James Francis Edward Stuart to regain the throne of Great Britain and Ireland for the Stuart dynasty. It failed and in 1716 the prince sailed back to Europe.


Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

1715 Rising, Jacobite


  • Acc. No. PGL 363
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 102.00 x 78.00 cm
  • Credit Long loan in 1994