In May 1937 nearly 4000 children arrived by boat in Southampton, refugees from the civil war-ravaged towns of northern Spain. Suffering terrible sea-sickness, they underwent medical examination before being housed in a temporary camp at nearby North Stoneham. Aged mostly between five and sixteen, and from both sides of the conflict, they were to be rehoused by the Basque Children’s Committee in residential ‘colonies’ around the country. Tudor-Hart’s photographs of the camp were a contribution to the cause and some were eventually published in a book about the refugees’ experience. Not surprisingly, she was particularly attentive to the plight of the Republican children. She was also sensitive to the clash of cultures, with Basque and English children portrayed working and playing together.