Prince Henry was born at Stirling Castle, the eldest child of James VI and Anne of Denmark. This portrayal of Henry’s ‘amiable Majestick Countenance’, painted the year after his father inherited the English throne, shows the prince wearing the robes and accessories of the Order of the Garter. He was an avid collector of art, and of arms and armour (the elaborate jewel in the prince’s hat includes a ship, referencing his interest in naval and military affairs). Henry was hugely popular and it was presumed he would become a great king. When he died of typhoid aged only eighteen, he was widely mourned.